This website describes a new constitutional amendment proposal to:

  • end the Electoral College,
  • end equal state suffrage in the U.S. Senate,
  • end equal state suffrage in the amendment process, and
  • provide congressional representation to D.C. and the territories.

This proposal provides the strategy that is most likely to succeed.

Equal state suffrage in the Senate, Article V (the constitutional amendment process), and (in part) the Electoral College all grant small-state citizens disproportionate power over the law.

For instance, citizens of Wyoming make up 0.2% of all Americans, yet have 2% of the voting power in the Senate, 2% of the voting power in the ratification of constitutional amendments, and 0.6% of the votes in the Electoral College. 

Californians make up 11.9% of Americans, yet have 2% of the voting power in the Senate, 2% of the voting power in the ratification of constitutional amendments, and 10.2% of the votes in the Electoral College.

This violates the first principle of democratic societies: that all voters have an equal say over the law. This principle may be referred to as equality over the law, voting power equality, or political equality.

We are going to fix it all simultaneously. To do so, the large states, D.C., and the territories must initiate a big, peaceful constitutional struggle with the small states.

The 50 States and D.C., sized by population in the 2010 census. The states (and D.C.) on top are under-represented in the Senate. The states on bottom are over-represented in the Senate.

Here is the big, big, big idea. We are not going to use Article V of the Constitution: two-thirds of both houses or an Article V Convention to propose, three-fourths of the states or state conventions to ratify. Not going to use it.

We are not going to use it because it is impossible. Two-thirds of the states are small states, and small-state citizens have for over 200 years given very little evidence that they are willing to give up their disproportionate power over the law.

We are not going to use it because it is illogical. It does not make any sense to declare that equal state suffrage in the Senate and Article V is wrong, while agreeing to use the equal state suffrage processes of Article V.

We are not going to use it because it is not binding in conscience. Article V provided for high thresholds for ratification in part to protect slavery-protecting constitutional provisions (the Three-Fifths clause, the Fugitive Slave clause, and the continuation of the slave trade through 1808, among others) and in part to protect equal state suffrage in the Senate.

We are not going to use it because it is not exclusive. The text of Article V does not declare that it is the exclusive means to amend the Constitution, despite the conventional wisdom.

We are not going to use it because belief that all voters must have equal voting power over the law ultimately means that the people have the inalienable right to amend the Constitution by simple majority vote.

We are going to do something else. We are not going to comply with the rules of equal state suffrage. We are going to play by the rule that is binding in conscience: equal voting power for all citizens.

We are going to ratify an amendment that declares its own procedure for ratification. At the heart of this process will be a two-phase national referendum initiated by the states/D.C./territories.

  • This amendment will be formally proposed by a simultaneous majority vote of the people of a group of states/D.C./territories that comprise a majority of the population of the United States.
  • This amendment will be ratified six months later, provided that the states/D.C./territories that did not vote the first time have an opportunity to do so, and that the overall vote remains a majority vote of the people.

This is going to work.

This proposal provides the strategy that is most likely to succeed.

This procedure is as consistent with the principle of equality over the law as our current institutions will allow for reasons that I explain in other pages. Don’t worry for now about what other people think, or about how many election cycles this might take. Read more about the process here.

Sign the petition, FAQ, Read the Proposal