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Preamble

We the People, in order to more perfectly realize the proposition that all people are created equal, hereby exercise our inalienable right to alter our government, and do ordain and establish this Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.

Section 1.

Article V is inoperative on the proposal and ratification of this amendment.

This amendment shall be proposed in a biennial election upon a majority vote of the people in a group of States, Territories, and the District constituting the seat of Government of the United States, provided that this group comprises a majority of this nation’s population.

This amendment shall be ratified six months later, provided that the people of the States, Territories, and the District constituting the seat of Government of the United States which did not participate in this vote may do so in the interim, and that the overall vote remains a majority vote of the people.

Section 2.

Article V is repealed.

The Constitution may be amended according to the following process. First, an amendment must be proposed, and then, ratified.

An amendment may be proposed by a majority vote of both houses of Congress, provided that no Amendment Convention is active.

An amendment may be proposed by a majority vote of an Amendment Convention called by a group of States, provided that this group comprises a majority of this nation’s population; that all States have a reasonable opportunity to send delegates; and that representation within this convention is proportional to population.

An Amendment Convention is active beginning when it initially convenes and ending when it declares itself to be inactive or two years after its initial convocation, whichever occurs first. At least four years must elapse between the deactivation of one Amendment Convention and the activation of another.

Up until sixty days before a scheduled ratification vote, any proposed amendment may be revoked by a majority vote of both houses of Congress, provided that no Amendment Convention is active, or by an active Amendment Convention.

An amendment shall be ratified upon a majority vote of the People in the first biennial election that takes place not less than one year after the amendment’s proposal.

Section 3.

In all proceedings in the Senate, including committees of the Senate, each Senator shall have one vote for each person in his or her State, according to the last census.

The power of the Vice President of the United States to serve as the President of the Senate and to cast tie-breaking votes in the Senate is repealed.

Section 4.

The President and Vice President shall be elected by the people.

The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most populous branch of the legislature of the State; although Congress may establish uniform age qualifications.

The times, places, and manner of holding this election and entitlement to inclusion on the ballot shall be determined by Congress.

The persons having the greatest number of votes for President and Vice President shall be elected, so long as such persons have a majority of the votes cast.

Congress shall by law determine a runoff procedure to handle the case in which no pair of candidates has a majority, provided that this procedure is consistent with all of the preceding clauses of this section, and that any runoff election includes the two pairs of candidates who received the most votes.

Congress may by law provide for the case of the death or any other disqualification of any candidate for President or Vice President before the day on which the President-elect or Vice President-elect has been chosen; and for the case of a tie in any election.

Section 5.

Within one year of the ratification of this amendment, every citizen of the United States shall be the citizen of a State.

Section 6.

Neither House may have or establish any rule which prevents a majority from proceeding with a vote.

The President shall have the power, by and with the advice and consent of the House and Senate, to make treaties.

Section 7.

Each decennial census which takes place more than one year after the ratification of this amendment shall count the number of citizens who are either under the age of eighteen or eligible to vote for the most populous branch of the legislature of their State.

This count shall replace the popular count as the basis for the calling of an Amendment Convention by the States, representation within an Amendment Convention, the apportionment of Representatives among the States, the creation of representative districts within the States, and the number of votes per Senator.